The worrying thing is, even though we have never known more about how to prevent these infections, rates of infection remain very high worldwide. However, if left untreated there can be serious consequences including blindness and other neurologic manifestations, infertility, mother-to-child transmission or birth defects. Human papillomavirus HPV and hepatitis B virus can cause cancer but both of these viruses can be prevented through a vaccine. STIs are spread predominantly by sexual contact, including vaginal, anal and oral sex. Some STIs can also be spread through non-sexual means such as via blood or blood products. Many STIs—including chlamydia, gonorrhoea, primarily hepatitis B, HIV, and syphilis—can also be transmitted from mother to child during pregnancy and childbirth.
Shari Martin Lawson, M. The good news is that these things are easy to treat. Usually, women with painful sex have a clear-cut reason for experiencing discomfort, Lawson says. Common reasons for painful sex include:. Your doctor will discuss your sexual history and perform an internal exam. If your doctor suspects a yeast infection or bacterial vaginosis an infection of the vagina caused by bacteria , he or she will take a sample of your vaginal discharge and look at it under a microscope for signs of infection. Doctors also check the pH levels in your vagina.
Four curable sexually transmitted infections - all you need to know
As any woman knows first-hand, vaginal discharges are a pretty common occurrence. And, most of the time, discharges are nothing to be alarmed about. For one, they help keep the vagina clean and free of harmful pathogens. This can result in a distinct vaginal discharge. You may have heard that the gut is full of friendly bacteria.
Clue is on a mission to help you understand your body, periods, ovulation, and so much more. Start tracking today. Gonorrhea is the second most commonly reported sexually transmitted infection in the United States, after chlamydia. Gonorrhea infections are caused by the bacteria Neisseria gonorrhoeae and are spread through sexual contact 1.